In order to understand Prophecy, it is instructive to know what prophecies are, where they come from, and why they are given.
So I ask, what is Prophecy? Wikipedia defines Prophecy in the following way:
Prophecy is a process in which one or more messages communicated to a prophet are then communicated to others. Such messages typically involve divine inspiration, interpretation, or revelation of events to come. [i]
This gives us our first criteria of identifying prophecy, namely that information is being communicated from one source (God) to the people at large (the world). The second criteria is that the person communicating with the world is a Prophet. For the purposes of this book, let us assume that Prophets have existed at all times in history, including the present, though the number and veracity of the Prophets may waver from time to time. In order to determine if a prophecy is a true prophecy, we must look at the person delivering the message, rather than the message itself.